Wildlife of Anticosti Island
The whitetail deer owes its presence on Anticosti Island to a visionary man named Henri Menier. He introduced between 175 and 220 deer between 1896 and 1897. Moose, American hare, beaver, crested grouse, and the frog leopard
are all species introduced by Menier that adapted well on Anticosti. The bison, wapiti, caribou, and mink were introduced also but without success. Six species of indigenous mammals were present on Anticosti Island before Menier. The marten and the black bear are now nonexistent, but the red fox, the brown bat, and the white legged mouse still continue to thrive. The absence of predators and dogs on Anticosti Island allowed the rapid reproduction of the deer herd.
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